Every modern society needs a protected cultural area, which connect its shared memory with its futuristic outlook. Heritage areas play a vital role in building communal confidence and self esteem in order to survive modern challenges. These eco-systems play a vital role in modern societies on several grounds:
• They develop micro-economies in the communities living in the surrounding areas:
Traditional exchange of goods and services help these communities with economic means ensuring their sustainability and development. Many small businesses thrive through the development of such zones.
• They create awareness of the common societal heritage - a barometer for present and future direction:
Protected cultural areas familiarize the socio-economic developmental roots characterizing and preserving the fabric of society. Social preservation initiatives become more urgent in societies emergent from social and economic hardships such as wars, economic sanctions, epidemics, and internal conflicts.
• They serve as a center of economic activity for communities that are far from the zone.
The case is more evident in centralized countries, where the historical capital plays a vital role in defining their history, such as Baghdad and its role in modern and historical Iraq. We put special emphasis here on more vulnerable society segments that include women working from their homes, unemployed youth, and the financially underprivileged.
• They provide learning opportunities between different generations and socio-economic backgrounds.
They provide future generations with forgotten solutions available for past generations. These can be creatively customized for current challenges. Challenges could be economic, social or environmental. In exchange, communities surviving on traditional crafts can benefit from the learning opportunity provided by specialists, as well as by modern businesses practices. These include documentation and surveillance of methodologies, building sustainable production and marketing methods, knowledge exchange, soft skill development, understanding global market trends and opportunities for product development using the positive aspects technology.
• They serve as a touristic focal point:
Internal and external tourism is a promising source of macro-economic for the country. Sustainable Cultural zones provide a unique opportunity for cultural tourism. Countries that depend on cultural tourism have managed to sustain economic stability and grow other sectors, without over exhausting their natural resources.